| Protectionist (51)
The economic theory of protectionism can find some of it's roots it these articles. Protectionism stress protecting local industries and jobs over global and free trade.
My object in this little volume has been to refute some of the arguments
usually advanced against Free Trade.
I am not seeking a ...
| Abundance Scarcity
Which is the best for man or for society, abundance or scarcity?
How, it may be exclaimed, can such a question be asked? Has it ev...
| Obstacle Cause
The obstacle mistaken for the cause--scarcity mistaken for abundance.
The sophism is the same. It is well to study it under every as...
| Effort Result
We have seen that between our wants and their gratification many
obstacles are interposed. We conquer or weaken these by the employm...
| Equalizing Of The Facilities Of Production
It is said ... but, for fear of being accused of manufacturing Sophisms
for the mouths of the protectionists, I will allow one of th...
| Our Productions Are Overloaded With Taxes
This is but a new wording of the last Sophism. The demand made is, that
the foreign article should be taxed, in order to neutralize ...
| Balance Of Trade
Our adversaries have adopted a system of tactics, which embarrasses us
not a little. Do we prove our doctrine? They admit the truth ...
| Petition From The Manufacturers Of Candles
To the Honorable the Members of the Chamber of Deputies:
GENTLEMEN,--You are in the right way: you reject abstract theories;
| Discriminating Duties
A poor laborer of Gironde had raised, with the greatest possible care
and attention, a nursery of vines, from which, after much labo...
| Wonderful Discovery!
At this moment, when all minds are occupied in endeavoring to discover
the most economical means of transportation; when, to put the...
We have just seen that all which renders transportation difficult, acts
in the same manner as protection; or, if the expression be p...
| Absolute Prices
If we wish to judge between freedom of trade and protection, to
calculate the probable effect of any political phenomenon, we should...
| Does Protection Raise The Rate Of Wages?
Workmen, your situation is singular! you are robbed, as I will presently
prove to you.... But no; I retract the word; we must avoid ...
| Theory Practice
Partisans of free trade, we are accused of being theorists, and not
relying sufficiently upon practice.
What a powerful argument ...
| Conflicting Principles
There is one thing which embarrasses me not a little; and it is this:
Sincere men, taking upon the subject of political economy th...
| Reciprocity Again
Mr. de Saint Cricq has asked: Are we sure that our foreign customers
will buy from us as much as they sell us?
Mr. de Dombasle sa...
| Obstructed Rivers Pleading For The Prohibitionists
Some years since, being at Madrid, I went to the meeting of the Cortes.
The subject in discussion was a proposed treaty with Portuga...
| A Negative Railroad
I have already remarked that when the observer has unfortunately taken
his point of view from the position of producer, he cannot fa...
| There Are No Absolute Principles
The facility with which men resign themselves to ignorance in cases
where knowledge is all-important to them, is often astonishing; ...
| National Independence
Among the arguments advanced in favor of a restrictive system, we must
not forget that which is drawn from the plea of national inde...
| Human Labor National Labor
Destruction of machinery--prohibition of foreign goods. These are two
acts proceeding from the same doctrine.
We do meet with men...
| Raw Material
It is said that no commerce is so advantageous as that in which
manufactured articles are exchanged for raw material; because the la...
A Sophism will sometimes expand and extend itself through the whole
tissue of a long and tedious theory. Oftener it contracts into a...
All the Sophisms which I have so far combated, relate to the restrictive
policy; and some even on this subject, and those of the mos...
| Natural History Of Spoliation
Why do I give myself up to that dry science, political economy?
The question is a proper one. All labor is so repugnant in its nat...
If this little book were destined to live three or four thousand years,
to be read and re-read, pondered and studied, phrase by phrase...
| Two Systems Of Morals
Arrived at the end of the preceding chapter, if he gets so far, I
imagine I hear the reader say:
Well, now, was I wrong in accusi...
| The Two Hatchets
Petition of Jacques Bonhomme, Carpenter, to M. Cunin-Gridaine, Minister
MR. MANUFACTURER-MINISTER: I am a carpenter,...
| Inferior Council Of Labor
What! You have the assurance to demand for every citizen the right to
buy, sell, trade, exchange, and to render service for service ...
| Dearness Cheapness
I consider it my duty to say a few words in regard to the delusion
caused by the words dear and cheap. At the first glance, I am awa...
We published an article entitled Dearness-Cheapness, which gained for
us the two following letters. We publish them, with the answers:...
| To Artisans And Laborers
Many papers have attacked me before you. Will you not read my defense?
I am not mistrustful. When a man writes or speaks, I believ...
| A Chinese Story
They exclaim against the greed and the selfishness of the age!
Open the thousand books, the thousand papers, the thousand pamphlet...
| Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc
After this, therefore on account of this. The most common and the most
false of arguments.
Real suffering exists in England.
| Robbery By Bounties
They find my little book of Sophisms too theoretical, scientific, and
metaphysical. Very well. Let us try a trivial, commonplace, an...
| The Tax Collector
JACQUES BONHOMME, Vine-grower.
M. LASOUCHE, Tax Collector.
L. You have secured twenty hogsheads of wine?
J. Yes, with much car...
| Utopian Ideas
If I were His Majesty's Minister!
--Well, what would you do?
--I should begin by--by--upon my word, by being very much embarras...
| Salt Postage And Customs
[This chapter is an amusing dialogue relating principally to English
Postal Reform. Being inapplicable to any condition of things ex...
| The Three Aldermen
A DEMONSTRATION IN FOUR TABLEAUX.
[The scene is in the hotel of Alderman Pierre. The window looks out on a
| Third Tableau
Twenty Years After.
Son. Father, decide; we must leave Paris. Work is slack, and
everything is dear.
Father. My son, you do not ...
| Fourth Tableau
Jacques Bonhomme. Parisians, let us demand the reform of the octroi;
let it be put back to what it was. Let every ci...
| Something Else
--What is restriction?
--A partial prohibition.
--What is prohibition?
--An absolute restriction.
--So that what is said ...
| The Little Arsenal Of The Free Trader
--If they say to you: There are no absolute principles; prohibition may
be bad, and restriction good--
Reply: Restriction prohibi...
| The Right And The Left Hand
[Report to the King.]
SIRE--When we see these men of the Libre Echange audaciously
disseminating their doctrines, and maintaining...
| Supremacy By Labor
As in a time of war, supremacy is attained by superiority in arms, can,
in a time of peace, supremacy be secured by superiority in l...
| Spoliation And Law
[Footnote 16: On the 27th of April, 1850, after a very curious
discussion, which was reproduced in the Moniteur, the General Council
| Capital And Interest
My object in this treatise is to examine into the real nature of the
Interest of Capital, for the purpose of proving that it is lawf...
| Capital And Interest
I address this treatise to the workmen of Paris, more especially to
those who have enrolled themselves under the banner of Socialist
| The Sack Of Corn
Mathurin, in other respects as poor as Job, and obliged to earn his
bread by day-labor, became, nevertheless, by some inheritance, the...
| The House
Mondor had a house. In building it, he had extorted nothing from any one
whatever. He owed it to his own personal labor, or, which is ...
| The Plane
A very long time ago there lived, in a poor village, a joiner, who was a
philosopher, as all my heroes are, in their way. James worked...